The Container Port Performance Index (CPPI) 2021 is produced by World Bank and S&P Global Market Intelligence. The purpose of the Index is to identify gaps and opportunities for improvement for global trade stakeholders that include “governments, shipping lines, port and terminal operators, shippers, logistics companies and consumers.” According to the report, “the ranking is based on time vessels needed to spend in port to complete workloads over the course of 2021 and is based on total port hours per ship call, defined as the elapsed time between when a ship reaches a port to its departure from the berth having completed its cargo exchange. Greater or lesser workloads are accounted for by examining the underlying data within ten different call size ranges. Five distinct ship size groups are accounted for in the methodology given the potential for greater fuel and emissions savings on larger vessels.”
It is recognized that Maritime transport “is the backbone of globalized trade and the manufacturing supply chain.” The report states that more than four-fifths of global merchandise trade (by volume) is carried by sea with a significant portion carried in containers (35 percent of total volumes and more than 60 percent of commercial value). Furthermore, container ports are critical to global supply chains and to the growth of emerging economies.
The data used for the CPPI is from S&P Global’s Port Performance Program. The CPPI 2021 utilizes two different methodological approaches, an administrative/technical, approach, which reflects expert knowledge and judgment, and a statistical approach, using factor analysis.
The two highest ranked container ports are King Abdullah Port (Saudi Arabia) and the Port of Salalah (Oman). Here are the top 25 ports ranked.
Chart image and parts of text credit: The World Bank, 2022. “The Container Port Performance Index 2021: A Comparable Assessment of Container Port Performance.” World Bank, Washington, DC. License: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 3.0 IGO.
Port Image by Julius Silver from Pixabay